Guide to the Walter Johnson papers
1902-2016, bulk 1961-1978
Collection number: HMC-0932.
Creator: Johnson, Walter.
Title: Walter Johnson papers.
Dates: 1902-2016, bulk 1961-1978.
Volume of collection: 8 cubic feet and 45 KB.
Language of materials: Materials in this collection are in English.
Collection summary: Personal and work related papers of an Alaskan public health physician.
Merle Walter Johnson was born in 1922. He graduated high school in Lincoln, Nebraska in 1941, and moved to Alaska shortly afterwards. Johnson worked for two summers in Southeast Alaska in a gold mine and then on a fishing boat. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Army at the hospital laboratory at Ladd Field in Fairbanks. He graduated from the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) in 1948 with bachelor degrees in Anthropology and Biology. In the summers between semesters at UAF, Johnson worked for the Alaska Road Commission in Wiseman building and maintaining roads to mining camps. In 1944 or 1945, Johnson, along with William English Jr., purchased the Wiseman Trading Company and other property in Wiseman. Johnson then attended medical school at the University of Nebraska, and received an M.D., before returning to Alaska as a member of the medical staff of the Bethel Hospital in 1954. In 1956, Dr. Johnson was commissioned as an officer in the U.S. Public Health Service, after which he served at public hospitals in Chicago, Boston, Seattle, and Memphis. He returned to Alaska in 1963, where he served as the Chief of Medicine and then Medical Director at the Alaska Native Medical Center in Anchorage. He then became the Director and Instructor for the Community Health Aide training program (also called Community Health Aide Program, or CHAP). He retired in 1987, and received an honorary degree of Doctor of Public Service from the University of Alaska in 1989. Walter Johnson died in 2015.
The collection consists of the personal and professional papers of Walter Johnson. Included in the collection are Johnson’s research on tuberculosis, files relating to the Community Health Aide Program (CHAP), and the founding and establishment of the Alaska Medical Library (formerly called Alaska Health Services Library). The collection also includes Johnson’s research on the discovery of gold in Nome, history of Swedish people in Alaska, the Sami and reindeer herding, and advocacy for bike paths in Anchorage.
Arrangement: The collection has been arranged into the following series:
Series 1. Tuberculosis and medical research papers; 1902-2005
Series 2. Community Health Aide Program files; 1955-2005
Series 3. Alaska Medical Library records; undated, 1966-2008
Series 4. Personal papers; circa 1943-2016
Digitized copies: Digital copies of collection material are not available online. For information about obtaining digital copies, please contact Archives and Special Collections.
Digital materials: The digital contents of this collection are not available online. Access may only be provided on-site in the Archives research room. For more information about potential distance access to digital records, please contact Archives and Special Collections.
Access restrictions: Access to audiotape recordings and film may be subject to delays and costs for the cleaning and digitization of the originals.
Rights note: Archives has copyright to materials created by Walter Johnson. The collection contains materials not created by Johnson, which may be subject to copyright restrictions.
Preferred citation: Walter Johnson papers, Archives and Special Collections, Consortium Library, University of Alaska Anchorage.
Works used in preparation of inventory: Biographical history was provided by Walter Johnson and Johnson’s wife, Judith James.
Separated materials: Publications were removed from the collection and some added to the Consortium Library’s Rare Books collection.
University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) Oral History Collection contains an audiocassette of an interview Walter Johnson gave to Amos Alter on the development of Community Health Aides (tape number H89-30).The UAF Oral History Collection also has an interview Johnson gave to Karen Brewster in Homer, AK regarding the Community Health Aides project (tape number H2000-17-06). Please contact the UAF Oral History Program for further information.
Acquisition note: The collection was donated to the Archives by Walter Johnson in 2006. Additional materials were donated to the Archives by Judith James, Johnson’s wife, in 2018.
Processing information: This collection was originally arranged and described by Jeffrey Sinnott in 2008. The guide to the collection was converted to current standard by Veronica Denison in 2014. Additions to the collection were added, arranged, and described by Veronica Denison in 2018. Materials were removed from binders and one scrapbook dismantled for preservation purposes at that time. Whenever possible, original binder and folder titles were retained and are reflected in the container list below.
Series 1: Tuberculosis and medical research papers; 1902-2005. 2.2 cubic feet.
This series mostly contains Walter Johnson’s research, presentations, and photographs relating to tuberculosis in Alaska, primarily within Alaska Native populations. The series also includes Johnson’s research relating to health issues in Africa, as well as correspondence in regards to Johnson’s research.
|1/1||Manual for the Tuberculosis Control Program; Alaska Department of Health, Tuberculosis Division||1961|
|1/2||Chemoprophylaxis: Bethel Study||1963-1964|
|1/3||TBC Course, National Jewish Hospital, Denver, Colorado: Notes||1964 January 6-24|
|1/4||TB Conference, PHS Alaska Native Hospital, Anchorage: memoranda, agenda, summary||1964 June 15-19|
|1/5||“Manual for the Operation of Tuberculosis Case Registers”||1965|
|1/6||“The Village and Tuberculosis” by Johnson: Draft paper and related materials||1965-1966|
|1/7||Clinical Staff Meetings, Alaska Native Medical Center: presentation by Dr. M. Walter Johnson||1965-1966|
|1/8||Correspondence: Charles W. Lester, M.D.||1966-1968|
|1/9||“Alaska Statistics: Pediatric TB Admissions, Discharges and ADPL-ANMC, 1961-1968”||1968|
|1/10||Tuberculosis Control, Risk of TB in Alaska Natives: Draft presentation||1968 November|
|1/11||TB Rates: Public Health Service, 1952-1968: Death and incidence rates||1969|
|1/12||Notes, memoranda, and “Tuberculosis in Alaska” draft||1970|
|1/13||Alaska TB Epidemic: Sitka Meeting, Alaska Historical Society: letters, memoranda, and annual meeting program||1970|
|1/14||“Tuberculosis in Alaska: Experience with Twenty Year Control Program, 1950-1970” by M. Walter Johnson, presented at the Second International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Oulu, Finland||1971|
|1/15||TB Program Plan for 1972, prepared by Dr. Walter Johnson, Dr. Richard Chao, Dr. David Templin, Meral Loewus, and Nadine Haley||1970 April|
|1/16||TB rates for Greenland||1971|
|1/17||Tuberculosis Control Program Planning Models, by J. L. Sanders||1972|
|1/18||“History of the Alaska Native Medical Center” by Johnson (draft)||1984|
|1/19||“The Alaska Tuberculosis Epidemic: Historical, Clinical and Public Health Analysis”: lecture outlines and bibliography||1985|
|1/20||Recent Developments in Tuberculosis Control Conference, Anchorage, Alaska: Agenda, lecture notes, and programs||1989 September|
|1/21||Bibliography on Tuberculosis in Eskimos||circa 1962|
|1/22||Tuberculosis reports completed by the United States Government and the State of Alaska||undated, 1954-1973|
|1/23||Alaska Native Medical Center newsletter, Tuberculosis statistics, news articles||undated, 1965-1973|
|1/24||News articles: New Alaska Native Service Hospital in Anchorage||1953 November 28|
|1/25||News clippings: Tuberculosis in Alaska||1967-1973|
|1/26||Tuberculosis Control: Alaska General History: Notes, correspondence, and reference materials||undated, 1969-1970|
|1/27||Tuberculosis Control Testing: “Depression of Tuberculin Sensitivity Following Measles Vaccination” by Jacob Brody and Robert McAlister||1964 October|
|1/28||Chemotherapy–INH Inactivation: Articles||circa 1960-1968|
|1/29||Tuberculosis bibliography: Index note cards||circa 1970|
|1/30||“Description of an Outbreak of Tuberculosis in an Alaskan Village (Tanacross), 1971-1972” by Claire Dukinier||1972|
|1/31||“The Fight for Tuberculosis Hospitals for Alaska” by Pauline Burkher, pages 5-43||undated|
|1/32||“How Three Seattle Tuberculosis Hospitals Have Met the Needs of Their Patients” by Margaret L. Lantis and Evelyn N. Hadaway, Public Health Service||circa 1957|
|1/33||“‘Who Knows What Sickness They May Bring Us?’: The Historical Review of Tuberculosis as an Agent of Change for the Alaska Native” Aronson paper||undated|
|1/34||Tuberculosis and chemotherapy journal articles||undated, 1965-1967|
|1/35-37||Tuberculosis in Arctic Native Populations||circa 1950-1970|
|1/38||Articles on Tuberculosis in Alaska||1902-1989|
|1/39-41||Articles on Tuberculosis||1940-1973|
|1/42||Publications on Tuberculosis: National Tuberculosis Association bulletins, “Understanding Tuberculosis Today: A Handbook for Patients”, “Expert Committee on Tuberculosis: Seventh Report, Reported Tuberculosis Data”||1960-1976|
|1/43||Correspondence and memoranda||1965-1971|
|1/44||Tuberculosis death rates, Johnson’s notes on prevention and treatment, graphs, and statistics||circa 1969-1970|
|1/45||Johnson’s International Symposium on Circumpolar Health presentation: “Tuberculosis in Alaska: Experience with twenty year control program, 1950-1970”||1971|
|1/46||“Preventive Treatment of Untreated Nonactive Tuberculosis in an Eskimo Population”||circa 1971|
|1/47||“The Health of the Eskimos: A Classified Bibliography 1857-1966”||circa 1966|
|1/48||Science in Alaska 1964; “A Family Patient Education Module”||undated, 1964|
|1/49||Alaska’s Battle with Tuberculosis by Henry Kaiser Jr.||1988|
|1/50||Johnson’s publications||undated, 1972-1990|
|1/51||The Parenteral Use of Fat Emulsions by Walter Johnson||1953|
|1/52||TB pictures of graphs [photographs of graphs created by Jonson]||undated|
|1/53||Tuberculosis slides||undated, 1970-1971|
|2/1||Transparencies: Tuberculosis Lecture||1970 October|
|2/2||American Lung Association of Alaska DVD “The Forgotten Plague”||undated|
|2/3||VHS: “History of Tuberculosis in Alaska Natives”||undated|
|2/4||DVD: “Health Promotion & Disease Prevention in Rural Alaska” presented by the Alaska Native Health Board and Indian Health Service||2005|
|Map roll||“Tuberculosis in Alaska” chart||undated|
|Oversize folder||Tuberculosis in Alaska notes and charts, including chronology of tuberculosis in Alaska||undated|
|2/5||Somalia demographics, by I.M. Lewis||1957|
|2/6||Slides from trip to Tunisia||circa 1970|
|2/7-9||Tunisia tuberculosis project and research, including 1972 annual report and Johnson’s notes||1965-1978|
|3/6||Diabetic clinic 12/5/63 Alaska Native Med[ical] Center [RESTRICTED]||1963-1969|
|3/7||Audiocassette: Hx [Medical history] of Alaska Native Medical Center||undated|
|7/1||Hx TB slides||undated|
Series 2: Community Health Aide Program files; 1955-2005. 2.4 cubic feet and 45 KB.
This series contains material relating to the Community Health Aide Program (CHAP) in Alaska. The series includes meeting minutes of CHAP’s Planning and Advisory Committee and the Curriculum Committee, as well as memoranda, notes, and village aide lists. The series also contains two scrapbooks either made or given to Johnson upon his retirement. The scrapbooks contain photographs and correspondence, as well as good-bye and good luck notes written to Johnson by colleagues.
|2/10-13||PAC-HA-PA [Planning and Advisory Committee for Health-Aide Programs in Alaska] minutes||1975-1976|
|2/14-15||PAC-HA-PA Curriculum Committee meeting minutes||1974-1976|
|2/16||PAC-HA-PA Planning and Advisory Committee||1976 March|
|2/17||PAC-HA-PA minutes, memoranda, evaluation information||1977-1979|
|2/18||PAC-HA-PA memoranda, encounter forms, agenda for 1979 April meeting||1974-1979|
|2/20||Alaska Community Health Aide Program: Information, correspondence, purpose||undated, 1978|
|2/21||Status of the Community Health Aide Program||1974|
|2/22-24||Village Health Aide lists and information||1973-1986|
|2/25||Change in Rural Health: Evolution of the Community Health Aide Program||1978|
|2/26||Statewide CHA Association Resolutions||1968, 1973, 1981|
|2/27-30||By-laws and Constitution of Alaska Statewide Association of Community Health Aides/Practitioners||1971-1983|
|2/31||CHA emblem, Michael S. Hughes 4/15/81||1981|
|2/32||Statewide CHA Association minutes 5/81||1981 May|
|2/33||Statewide CHA Association correspondence||1976-1981|
|2/34||CHA Association: Letter from Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association, Inc.||1990 July 23|
|2/35||Role of the CHA||1991|
|2/36||Dictabelts: Possibly recordings of meetings at clinics||undated, 1955|
|2/37||Slides: CHAP Hx [Medical History] 1/1/94||1994|
|2/38||VHS: “Telemedicine: A New Era for Alaska”||undated|
|2/39||VHS: “To Be of Use: The Yukon/Kuskokwim Community Health Aide Program”||undated|
|2/40||“Design of an evaluation of the appropriate level of health manpower in remote Alaskan villages” by Ira Moscovice||circa 1977|
|2/41||Alaska Comprehensive Health Care Proposal and Additions and Corrections to the Proposal [removed from binder]||undated|
|2/42||Academic Review Committee: CHAP [removed from binder]||1975-1981|
|2/43||Native Health Board Meeting, Community Health Aide Education Center in Barrow dedication||undated, 1986|
|2/44||Training and Supporting Community Health Aides: The Alaskan Experience by Cordes, Johnson, Heraldson||1983, 1985|
|3/1||CHAP memories [removed from photograph album for preservations purposes]: Johnson’s retirement album of photographs, goodbye notes, and correspondence||1956, 1969-2005|
|3/2-3||WAMI review [removed from binders]||1976-1983|
|3/4-5||Old Robert Wood Johnson Foundation reports [removed from binders]||1975-1986|
|Electronic records||CHAP Timeline W. Johnson 1/14/92||1992|
|Box 5||CHAP scrapbook||undated, 1980|
|Box 6||Audiotape: St. Marys Village meeting; CHAP conference||undated|
Series 3: Alaska Medical Library records; undated, 1966-2008. 0.5 cubic feet.
This series contains records relating to the establishment of the Alaska Medical Library, previously called Alaska Health Sciences Library.
|3/8||Audiocassette of meeting regarding the establishment of Alaska Medical Library||circa 1966|
|3/9||Medical Library grant applications, original proposal May 12, 1967||1967|
|3/10||Medical Library grant letters of support||1967-1970|
|3/11||Alaska Medical Library Advisory Committee||1967-1972|
|3/12||Alaska Health Sciences Library—current: Correspondence, application renewal, operation information||1967-1973|
|3/13||Alaska Medical Library project proposal: Operations and budgets||1968|
|3/14||Medical Library grant correspondence||1968|
|3/15||Library Opening: Correspondence and news articles||1968-1969|
|3/16||Alaska Medical Library: Memoranda, Library Reporter, speeches, articles, and by-laws of Advisory Board||1968-1971|
|3/17||RMP [Regional Medical Program] and other AML notes||1969-1973|
|3/18||Invitation for opening of Alaska Health Science Library; Alaska Health Sciences Library information cards||undated, 1969|
|3/19||Alaska Medical Library/Alaska Health Science Library report||1969 May|
|3/20||Alaska Native Medical Center Library correspondence||1969, 1971|
|3/21||Alaska Health Sciences Library (Alaska Medical Library) grant renewal application||1970 July|
|3/22||Alaska Health Science Information Center: Information packet||circa 1971|
|3/23||Alaska Health Sciences Information Center: Budget, resume of services||1974|
|3/24||Founding of Alaska Medical Library: Report||1974|
|3/25||Development of a Health Science Information Center of Alaska by Walter Johnson||1974|
|3/26||Alaska Health Sciences Information Center: Emphasis plan, program, planning, development||undated, 1973-1974|
|3/27||Approach to Primary Health Care in Rural Alaska by Walter Johnson||1974|
|3/28||Ursula Solom [married name Ursula Strash]: Nomination for Outstanding Civil Servant of the Year||1975|
|3/29||Alaska Conference on Library and Information Services packet||1979|
|3/30||Requests for Library Service form||undated|
|3/31||Medline: Hotline to Biomedical Information by Ursula Strash||undated|
|3/32||Articles regarding health science libraries||1970-1977|
|3/33||Alaska’s Medical Library, Health Science Information Services||undated, 2008|
Series 4: Personal papers; circa 1940-2016. 2.9 cubic feet.
This series contains the papers of Walter Johnson’s personal life, including his advocacy for the establishment of Anchorage bike paths, as well as his research and presentations on the history of mining in Nome, the history of Swedish people in Alaska, the Sami, and reindeer herding. The series also includes photographs of Nome, and various other locations in Alaska, and Africa.
|3/34||Bike Paths [photographs of bike paths in other countries]||1971 August|
|3/35||Bike Paths: Petitions, bike day information, “Footpaths and bike trails: Need for a change in state attitude and policy” by Walter Johnson||undated, 1971-1978|
|3/36||Bike paths, trails: Notes, articles||1975-1981|
|3/37||Bike paths: Photographs, legislation||1971-1972|
|3/38||Bike paths file: News clippings, fliers, information||undated, 1972, 2000|
|3/39||Bike paths: Bumper stickers, posters, news clippings||undated, 1972-1978|
|Oversize folder||Bike Day poster||undated|
|Oversize folder||Photographs: Bike Day||1971 October 9|
|3/40-46||Research, articles, and Johnson’s notes regarding discovery of gold in Nome||undated, 1996-1998|
|4/1-8||Nome gold: Lecture notes and presentations, drafts for articles, and correspondence||undated, 1993-1998|
|4/9||Slides: Trip to Nome||1993-1994|
|4/10||Nome tourist information||undated|
|4/11||Nome Gold: Includes slides from trip to Norway [removed from binder]||1993-1998|
|4/13-27||Sami and reindeer in Alaska: Lecture notes, articles and research, Johnson’s Sami contacts, interviews, and slides||undated, 1982-2000|
|4/28-29||Swedes in Alaska: Interviews with Maurice Kelleher, Orjon Klaar||undated, 1982|
|4/30-56||Scandinavians in Alaska: Johnson’s research, notes, and files||undated, 1981-2001|
|4/57||August Tobin/ Gold Rush Emery’s Talk: The Gold Rush by Emery F. Tobin||undated|
|4/58-60||Alaska Mining Hall of Fame files||1997-1998|
|4/61||The Long Look for Uparazuk by Walter Johnson||2005-2006|
|4/62||Alaskan characters and sobriquets of the North compiled by Joseph Ulmer, E.M.||1943|
|4/64-66||Slides: Swedes in Alaska presentations, includes scenery of Alaska||undated, 1982-1994|
|4/67||VHS: Norwegians in Alaska||undated|
|4/70||Slides: Tunisia||undated, 1971-1972|
|4/76||Slides: Unidentified Alaska slides||undated|
|4/77-78||Slides and photographs of Johnson, and house in Homer||undated, 1983-1995|
|Box 6||Audiotapes: Letters from James Ferrill, Syd Stealey, and CJ Hudson||undated|
|Box 6||Audiotapes: Eskimo Dance Songs||undated|
|Box 6||Audiotapes: Ina Barr, Charles Mullaney, Mary K. Johnson, and soundtracks from various other musicians||undated|
|7/2||Wiseman/SE Alaska [Note: Title taken from slide box in which images arrived, however most of the images depict people and buildings in Wiseman, as well as the Brooks Range and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline.]||circa 1946-1983|
|7/3-6||Slides: St. Marys Mission, fishing, skiing, unidentified scenes in Alaska||circa 1940-1955|
|7/7||Slides: Photographs and presentation images on history of Wiseman; Flier for Johnson’s Cook Inlet Historical Society lecture||circa 1940-1990|
|7/8||Coldfoot, AK travel pamphlet; List of Wiseman specimens collected by Johnson; “Code of the North 1932” by Joseph Ulmer, E.M.; Copies from “Wiseman Journal” 1931; Negatives of a building in Wiseman||undated|
|7/9||“Historic Resources Studies of Wiseman and Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve”; Itinerary of summer field work for 1937 – Wiseman||undated, 1974, 1988|
|7/10||Wiseman article correspondence||1979-1982|
|7/11||Notes: Wiseman Interview – Harry Leonard||1982 July|
|7/12||Copy of Koyukuk notes||undated|
|7/13||People of Koyukuk Region||1999|
|7/14||“Coldfoot: An Historic Mining Community on the Middle Fork of the Koyukuk River, Alaska” by Susan M. Will||1981|
|7/15||Koyukuk lecture 9/90 Notes||circa 1990|
|7/16||Notes: Koyukuk paper clips||circa 2000|
|7/17||Unidentified 1/4 inch audio reel||undated|
|7/18||Audio cassettes: Oral history John Samuelson Bethel, March 8, 1982; W.J. comments on lost tape 12-2-99; Death and Dying W. Johnson given at Homer U/M 2000||1982, 1999-2000|
|7/19||Lecture on Alaska in Swedish Walter Johnson; Oral Hx Ludvig Ost 11/83, Anchorage, AK||undated, 1983|
|7/20||Correspondence: Letter regarding State of Nebraska medical license; Letter regarding conference in Sweden||1953, 1982|
|7/21||Johnson’s registered guide licenses||1952, 1956|
|7/22||Correspondence: Alaska Public Lands Information Center presentation; Letter from “Wendell”; Congratulatory letter regarding Honorary Degree of Doctor of Public Service at UAA; Robert Fortuine’s notes from Alaska Health Sciences Teleconference (1989) and Frederick Hillman’s statement; Letter from Arliss Sturgulewski||1987-1990|
|7/23||Arctic Institute of North America: Correspondence, progress report, newsletter, constitution, organization information||1946-1949|
|7/24||Two photographs of unidentified family members||undated|
|7/25||VHS: “Walter Johnson 40 acre patch” produced by John Child Photo Services||1993|
|7/26, oversize folder||Certificates, diplomas, medical licenses; In memoriam citation for Walter Johnson||1948-1972, 2016|
|Box 6||16mm film: Anchorage travelogue||undated|