Francis and Grace Cogswell papers

Guide to the Francis and Grace Cogswell papers
1920-1957

Collection number: HMC-0744.
Creator:
Cogswell, Francis.
Cogswell, Grace.
Title: Francis and Grace Cogswell papers.
Dates: 1920-1957.
Volume of collection: 0.75 cubic feet.
Language of materials: Materials in this collection are in English.
Collection summary: Papers of U.S. Navy captain and his wife, who commanded a flotilla which aided the USCGS in a survey expedition to chart the Aleutian Islands in 1935.

Biographical note:
Francis Cogswell was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1887. He was appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy in 1903. Captain Cogswell was awarded the Navy Cross for service during World War I, when he commanded the U.S.S. Fanning and U.S.S. McDougal. In 1935, he commanded the U.S.S. Oglala, the flag ship of a flotilla of minesweepers assisting the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (USCGS) in charting the Aleutian Islands. The flotilla included the Kingfisher, Quail, Gannet, Tanager, and Sandpiper, and an aviation attachment. Captain Francis Cogswell died in Bremerton, Washington, in 1939. In 1943, a U.S. Navy destroyer was named after Cogswell and his father, Rear Admiral James Kelsey Cogswell. Francis Cogswell’s wife, Grace Phillips Cogswell, was born in New York City in 1887. She served in the U.S. Foreign Service and later in the Central Intelligence Agency. Grace Cogswell retired in 1954. She died in 1971.

Collection description:
The collection consists of the photograph album of Captain Francis Cogswell which documents his service during the Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition of 1935, and various related papers kept by Grace Cogswell. Subjects of the photographs include: Francis Cogswell and other U.S. Navy officers, crew, and survey personnel; the minesweepers Oglala, Kingfisher, Quail, and Gannet; navy seaplanes and sounding boats used in the survey; the islands of Unalaska, Kiska, Little Kiska, Amchitka, Atka, Uminak, and Bogoslof, including the towns of Unalaska, Dutch Harbor, and Constantine on Amchitka; volcanoes; glaciers; and wildlife. The collection also includes letters written to Grace by Francis while he was on the USS Oglala and in the Aleutians, Grace Cogswell’s travel documents regarding her trip to Alaska, and correspondence relating to the Expedition.

Arrangement: The collection is arranged in the following series:
Series 1: Papers; 1920-1957
Series 2: Photographs; undated, 1935

Alternative formats: A xerographic copy of the album is available in the collection and 151 copy negatives were made of selected images.

Digitized copies: This collection has not been digitized. For information about obtaining digital copies, please contact Archives and Special Collections.

Rights note: Archives does not hold copyright to materials in this collection.

Preferred citation: Francis and Grace Cogswell papers, Archives and Special Collections, Consortium Library, University of Alaska Anchorage.

Works used in preparation of inventory: Patterson, Michael Roberts. “Francis Cogswell, Captain, United States Navy.” Francis Cogswell, Captain, United States Navy. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/francis-cogswell.htm

Acquisition note: The collection was purchased via eBay in 2005.

Processing information: This collection was described by Jeffrey Sinnott in 2005. The collection was converted to current standard by Veronica Denison in 2015.

Container list:

Series 1: Papers; 1920-1957. 0.2 cubic feet.

Box/Folder Description Dates
1/1 Copied papers: Captain Cogswell’s Navy Cross Citation; a letter of appreciation to Grace Cogswell from U.S. Ambassador William C. Bullitt; two letters and a press release concerning the naming of the U.S.S. Cogswell; a letter of congratulations from CIA Director Allen W. Dulles to Grace Cogswell upon her retirement; and two letters concerning Grace’s grave plot in Arlington National Cemetery 1920-1957
1/2 Letters to Grace 1935-1936
1/3 U.S. Coast Guard telegrams, Calypso; Memorandum to Captain Cogswell from Lt. Commander Thomas Robbins of the U.S.S. Sandpiper concerning whale observations Letter to Captain Cogswell from Lt. R.A.J. English of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition II concerning the abandonment of the camp “Little America” 1935
1/4 Grace Cogswell’s travel to and within Alaska 1935
1/5 Survey rosters: Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition and USS Oglala 1935
1/6 Ship newspapers: The Daily Polecat, USS Quail Dutch Harbor Herald, USS Oglala Alisex Tribune 1935
1/7 Alaska Commercial Company bill 1935
1/8 Notes and cards from the Aleutians circa 1935

Series 2: Photographs; undated, 1935. 0.55 cubic feet.

Box/Folder Page Description
1/9 Xerographic copy of photograph album
1/10 Copy negatives of select photographs
Box 2 Loose photographs: Portraits of Grace and Francis Cogswell; Tropical scene
Box 2 1 Seal and pup on beach
Box 2 2 “Mt. Shishaldin, Unimak Island, Isanotski Peaks in background” Aerial view with airplane wing at lower left
Box 2 3 “N.E. end of Little Kiska” Aerial view, Photo No. 3
Box 2 4 “Bogoslof” Aerial view of seal herd on island beach
Box 2 5 “Seal herd, Bogoslof Island” Distant aerial view
Box 2 6 Aerial view of small rocky island with airplane wing at left
Box 2 7 “‘Dutch Harbor’“ Distant aerial view from south including Amaknak Island, Iliuliuk Bay, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska
Box 2 8 “Isanotski Peaks, Uminak Island” Aerial view with airplane wing at bottom right
Box 2 9 “Iliuliuk” Aerial view of Unalaska village from west with airplane wing at right
Box 2 10 “Greek Church, Iliuliuk” Interior view of altar of Holy Ascension Russian Orthodox Church in Unalaska
Box 2 11 “Akutan Volcano, Akutan Island” Aerial view of island and volcano cone
Box 2 12 “Alisex, 1933, 1934, 1935” Group photo of eight U.S. Navy officers in dress white uniforms on deck of ship. Commander Cogswell seated second from right
Box 2 13 “S.E. coast of Kiska” Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 13
Box 2 14 “North shore Little Kiska” Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 2
Box 2 15 “‘Cha’ west end Little Kiska – South Pass” Aerial view, Photo No. 9
Box 2 16 “Pillar Rock” Aerial view with airplane wing at right, Photo No. 61
Box 2 17 “Man S.E. shore Kiska” Aerial view over survey point on top of bluff, Photo No. 14
Box 2 18 Oglala with Kingfisher, Kiska 1935” Distant aerial starboard view of minesweeper USS Oglala with smaller minesweeper USS Kingfisher (No. 25) alongside
Box 2 19 Quail, Kiska 1935” Distant aerial portside view of minesweeper USS Quail (No. 15) with airplane wing at left
Box 2 20 “‘Ole’ S.E. Kiska” Aerial view of island with survey point circled, Photo No. 12
Box 2 21 “Eel west coast Kiska I.” Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 58
Box 2 22 “‘Zoo’ west coast Kiska” Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 50
Box 2 23 Aerial view of islands
Box 2 24a “Kiska Harbor” Distant view from ship
Box 2 24b Scene on ship’s deck with sailors and fish laid out to spell “Alisex”
Box 2 24c “One of the sounding boats” Men on sounding boat 6 from the USS Oglala
Box 2 24d Men on sounding boat 3 from the USS Oglala
Box 2 25a “Kiska 1935” View of two sounding boats following a third boat
Box 2 25b “Niles & KP, Kiska 1935” View of sounding boat next to ship
Box 2 25c “Kiska 1935” View of two sounding boats with volcano in background
Box 2 25d Sea lions on island
Box 2 26a “Sea lions, Sea Lion Rock near Kiska 1935”
Box 2 26b “Fox, Amchitka 1935” Fox on rocky outcropping
Box 2 26c Sea lion, Sea Lion Rock near Kiska 1935”
Box 2 26d Distant view of island from ship
Box 2 27a Aerial view of small rocky island
Box 2 27b “Painting signals for sounding boats to ___ on Kiska 1935” Men painting rock cliff on island
Box 2 27c “Kiska 1935 May” View of minesweeper off island coastline
Box 2 27d “Williwaw, Kiska 1935” Puppy
Box 2 28a “Eagles Amchitka 1935 last two” Close-up of two juvenile bald eagles
Box 2 28b Group photo of Commander Cogswell with another officer and native man and children on island
Box 2 28c Beach scene
Box 2 28d Foggy island scene from ship
Box 2 29a “Kiska 1935” Sounding boat No. 2 and dingy
Box 2 29b Oglala at Kiska 1935” Distant view of ship from sounding boat
Box 2 29c “Kiska 1935” Sounding boat No. 6 from Oglala
Box 2 29d Full rear portside view of USS Oglala
Box 2 30a “Eaglet, Kiska 1935” Small eaglet in nest
Box 2 30b Distant view of Navy survey seaplane taking off
Box 2 30c “Sea Lion Rock, Kiska 1935” View from sounding boat
Box 2 30d “Kiska 1935” Men putting up survey point and flag on island
Box 2 31a “Kiska 1935” View of sounding boat and dingy from ship
Box 2 31b View of USS Oglala and USS Kingfisher near island
Box 2 31c “Segula 1935” Distant view of Segula Island
Box 2 31d “Kiska Volcano from Oglala, Kiska Harbor”
Box 2 32a-b Fox among trash lumber and grass
Box 2 32c “Constantine, Amchitka 1935. Fox on steps of Greek Church”
Box 2 32d Full portside view of the USS Oglala
Box 2 33a-b “Lost for 21 hours” Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 2 listing in the water
Box 2 33c “A plane on the Oglala” Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 being hoisted over the side of the ship
Box 2 33d “Main deck of the Oglala, May 1935” Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 stored on ship’s deck
Box 2 34a “Kiska 1935” View of sounding boat Nos. 6 and four from ship
Box 2 34b Group photo of Commander Cogswell with puppy Willawaw and two other ship’s officers
Box 2 34c Small native boy on island beach
Box 2 34d Commander Cogswell and another officer standing next to seal cask on rack
Box 2 34e Portrait of puppy Willawaw
Box 2 35a Aerial view of island coast and USS Quail
Box 2 35b “Full plane crew” Group photo of three men on ship’s deck
Box 2 35c Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 taking off near island
Box 2 35d “Dutch Harbor, June 1935” Full starboard view of USS Oglala
Box 2 36a Survey point with tented tripod on island
Box 2 36b Two men in with dog on ship’s deck
Box 2 36c “Sinking boat, Kiska 1935”
Box 2 36d “Kiska Harbor – Plane of Oglala” Distant view of survey seaplane landing near island
Box 2 36e “Kiska Volcano 1935” Distant view out porthole window
Box 2 37a-d “Korovin Vol. Atka 1935” Four different views of Korovin Volcano on Atka Island from ship
Box 2 37e-f “Kagalaska Pass 1935” Two different views of island pass
Box 2 38a Scene on ship’s deck showing davit
Box 2 38b Interior scene in Russian Orthodox Church
Box 2 38c Full front portside view of USS Oglala at large port with other ships
Box 2 38d Full rear portside view of USS Oglala at same port as above
Box 2 39a “Kiska” Aerial view of mountain
Box 2 39b “Attu Maggie” Two Aleut women with small grass baskets, basket form, and baskets in various stages of weaving
Box 2 39c Fox on island
Box 2 39d Aerial view of volcano with airplane wing at upper left
Box 2 40a “Seaward, Turner” Two officers and unidentified man in work clothes on deck of the Oglala
Box 2 40b Distant aerial view of volcano
Box 2 40c Aerial view of volcano with wing tip at upper left
Box 2 40d Sailor attaching something to davit on ship
Box 2 41a Distant view of Volcano from ship
Box 2 41b “Sell, Amchitka, on whale skeleton” Lt. Sell standing on top of whalebones on island
Box 2 41c View of salmon on top of sounding boat deck
Box 2 41d Distant view of boat from ship
Box 2 42a Distant Aerial view of island volcano
Box 2 42b “Newton” Ensign Newton standing on top of whalebones on island
Box 2 42c “Deserted church at Constantine” Interior view of alter in Russian Orthodox Church on Amchitka Island
Box 2 42d Aerial view of island volcano with airplane wing at upper left
Box 2 43a Aerial view of island coast
Box 2 43b “Barabara” Entrance to old barabara
Box 2 43c Interior view of man sitting up in bed inside house
Box 2 43d Aerial view of volcanic peak with airplane wing at right
Box 2 44a Aerial view of volcano with airplane wing at right
Box 2 44b Aerial view of volcano and island shoreline
Box 2 44c “Kiska” Man holding onto life preserver while sitting on capsized boat
Box 2 44d “Deserted shacks, Constantine” Beach scene looking toward Constantine village on Amchitka Island
Box 2 45 “Iliuliuk Bay” Aerial view of Iliuliuk Bay and Unalaska from southwest with airplane wing at lower right
Box 2 46a “Pedler’s Basin in Amoknik, 20 minutes later” View of west end of Unalaska including dock area from hillside
Box 2 46b “Landed Dutch Harbor in Lakina, May 22” Aerial view of Navy ships at dock
Box 2 46c-d “Iliuliuk on Unalaska Island” Two different views of Unalaska from hillside
Box 2 47 “Mt. Vsevidof, Umnak Island” Distant view of volcano from ocean
Box 2 48a “Planes – Ballyhoo Mt.” Distant view of four Navy seaplanes in Iliuliuk Bay with Mount Ballyhoo in background
Box 2 48b Portrait of native girl
Box 2 48c “Unalaska and Dutch Harbor” Post card view taken from hill south of Unalaska
Box 2 48d Oglala leaving for Kiska” Distant view of ship in Iliuliuk Bay taken from hill south of Unalaska with church at bottom right
Box 2 49 Aerial view of volcano
Box 2 50a Gannet, ‘Dell’ Conley’s flagship” Full aerial starboard view of the minesweeper USS Gannet
Box 2 50b Quail also plane tending” Full portside view of the minesweeper USS Quail
Box 2 50c “Dell’s plane” Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 hanging from davit over side of ship
Box 2 50d “Aleutian Island Survey Expedition I” Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 sitting in water off island
Box 2 51 “Shishaldin, white vapor always puffing from cone” Aerial view of Shishaldin Volcano and Isanotski Peaks on Unimak Island
Box 2 52a “Bounty on Eagles” Man holding up dead bald eagle from behind white sail
Box 2 52b “Herring” View of two fishermen in boat full of fish at dock
Box 2 52c “Leading Industries” Two foxes in fenced pen at fur farm
Box 2 52d “Leading Industries” Pat’s Cafe in Unalaska with Russian Orthodox Church and Cash and Carry Store in background
Box 2 53 “We ‘cover the waterfront.’“ Waterfront scenes in Unalaska
Box 2 53a Group photo of three native girls in their Sunday dresses
Box 2 53b Man opening small wooden barrels
Box 2 53c Large squid
Box 2 53d Two native boys
Box 2 54a “Reef in front of A.C. house”
Box 2 54b-c “‘Our harbor” Scenes of bay from ship
Box 2 54d “‘John the Whaler’ comes visiting” Whaling boat Unimak in harbor
Box 2 54e “From Akutan – Ernest Kugler” Close-up of whale gun on boat
Box 2 55 Scenes at Unalaska
Box 2 55a Portrait of native boy
Box 2 55b Hospital
Box 2 55c U.S. Marshall’s house
Box 2 55d Portrait of three native girls in their Sunday dresses
Box 2 56 Scenes at Unalaska
Box 2 56a Full view of Russian Orthodox Church from southeast
Box 2 56b View of Russian Orthodox Church from northwest
Box 2 56c Group portrait of six native children
Box 2 56d “Dutch Harbor” Distant aerial view of Unalaska from southeast
Box 2 57a-e Navy officers, men and women on outing around island, various scenes
Box 2 58a-f Navy officers, men and women on outing around island, various scenes
Box 2 59a-h Navy officers, men and women on outing around island, various scenes
Box 2 60a Man in R.C.M.P. hat and sweater
Box 2 60b-c Portraits of three Navy officers and Nurse “Smitty” on front steps of hospital
Box 2 60d Native man and woman in traditional parkas
Box 2 60e Group photo of Navy officer, men and women sitting on island hillside
Box 2 60f View of coastal town from above
Box 2 61a Man with pack standing among burned trees in Katmai area
Box 2 61b Man with pack standing on ice at foot of glacier
Box 2 61c Aerial view of large glacier
Box 2 62a “Katmai” Three men standing on glacier
Box 2 62b Geologist Ed Levin with pack standing among burned trees in Katmai area
Box 2 62c View of left end of calving glacier
Box 2 62d View of calving glacier and mountains from bay
Box 2 63a Group photo of well-dressed men and women on dock of coastal town
Box 2 63b Group photo of Navy officer, two men and two women in front of large log house
Box 2 63d-f Scenery
Box 2 64a Front view of Holy Resurrection Russian Orthodox Church in Kodiak
Box 2 64b-d Island scenery
Box 2 64e Aerial view of volcano
Box 2 64f More distant aerial view of volcano
Box 2 65a “Ed” Aerial view of large coastal glacier
Box 2 65b Full portside view of Navy minesweeper (No. 41) with survey seaplane on rear deck
Box 2 65c Large stringer of fish hanging from rope on ship’s deck
Box 2 66 Full portside view of minesweeper USS Quail in bay
Box 2 67a “Ed Levin – Father Hubbard’s geologist” Portrait of bearded man wearing bandanna
Box 2 67b “Kiska” Navy officers on rocky coastline
Box 2 67c “Eagles” Three men displaying two dead eagles
Box 2 67d “Kiska” Two men at sea on launch boat
Box 2 67e Lt. Sell cleaning pan in stream
Box 2 68 Aerial view of Unalaska from east with airplane wing at right
Box 2 69a “Towed by Sandpiper to Rat Island” Oglala sounding boat No. 11 being towed by ship.
Box 2 69b “Constantine after storm” Oglala sounding boat Nos. 8 and 3 beached in surf.
Box 2 69c “Constantine Harbor, Amchitka” Men moving Oglala boat onto beach. Launch boat No. 3 in background.
Box 2 69d “Cove Little Kiska” Three men and small rowboat on beach.
Box 2 69e “Kiska South End” View of rocky island.
Box 2 69f “Semisopochnoi to Rat Island” Oglala sounding boat No. 11 being towed.
Box 2 70 Aerial view of Unalaska from over bay with Russian Orthodox church in center
Box 2 71a “Barabara, Amchitka” Entrance to old barabara
Box 2 71b “Constantine Harbor” Fenced graves in Russian Orthodox Church cemetery
Box 2 71c “Bones and Willie” Two officers climbing over rocky shoreline
Box 2 71d “Sell” Lt. Sell cleaning pan in stream
Box 2 71e-f “Constantine Harbor” Two different views of beach and harbor from hillside
Box 2 72 Distant aerial view of Unalaska from west with airplane wing at right
Box 2 73a “Cove” View from hillside of sounding boat in island cove
Box 2 73b View of ship’s deck with Navy survey seaplane
Box 2 73c-d “West Coast Kiska” Combined photo of rocky cliff and shoreline
Box 2 73e “Kiska” View of wake of ship or boat with two men in foreground
Box 2 74a Oglala homeward bound” Sounding boats stowed on ship’s deck
Box 2 74b “Hoisting lost plane” Navy survey seaplane being hoisted by davit onto ship
Box 2 74c Men pushing boat onto beach
Box 2 74d “Plane lost 24 hours” Navy survey seaplane No. 2 sitting on ocean
Box 2 74e “Little Kiska” View of island shoreline
Box 2 74f “Sweeper towing sounding boats” View of rear mast of ship and towed boats

 

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