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Frank Pauls papers

Guide to the Frank Pauls papers
1909-1998

Collection number: HMC-0489.
Creator: Pauls, Frank.
Title: Frank Pauls papers.
Dates: 1909-1998.
Volume of collection: 4.0 cubic feet.
Language of materials: Materials in this collection are in English.
Collection summary: Papers of a public health microbiologist and administrator in Alaska.

Biographical note:
Frank P. Pauls was born in San Jose, California in 1914. He received degrees from Marin Junior College (A.A., 1934), University of California, Berkeley (B.A., 1937), Harvard University School of Public Health (M.S., 1949), and the University of North Carolina, School of Public Health (M.P.H., 1965; Doctor of Public Health, 1966). He began his career as a public health microbiologist and administrator at the Department of Epidemiology, California State Department of Health, in 1937. In 1938, Pauls moved to Juneau, where he worked for the Division of Public Health Laboratories, Alaska Department of Health. In 1940, he established the Regional Public Health Laboratory in Anchorage, where he served as Microbiologist-In-Charge until 1963. Pauls married Adelheid Guenther in Anchorage in 1941. He was an officer in the U.S. Army Sanitation Corps (1943-1947), and the Medical Service Corps, U.S. Army Reserve (1947-1968), as well as a laboratory advisor for the World Health Organization  in Iran (1957-1959). His objective during this time with the World Health Organization was to create a central public health laboratory to serve provincial laboratories as a diagnostic, reference, and training center comparable to the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia. After receiving his doctorate in 1966, Pauls went to the University of Wisconsin-Madison to be Assistant Director, State Laboratory of Hygiene, and Professor of Preventive Medicine in the School of Medicine. During his time in Wisconsin, Pauls, an expert in blood serology, conducted blood studies of Alaskan Eskimo communities with the International Biological Program (1967-1971). In 1970, he returned to Alaska as Chief, Section of Laboratories, Division of Public Health, in Juneau, as well as division director for one year. Pauls retired from the Alaska Department of Health in 1979, remaining active in professional organizations, including the Alaska Public Health Association and the American Society for Circumpolar Health. He also helped draft the National Arctic Health Policy (1984) as a member of the American Public Health Association Task Force. Dr. Frank Pauls died in Anchorage in 2001.

Collection description:
The collection consists of the papers of Dr. Frank Pauls which primarily related to his career as a public health microbiologist and administrator in Alaska. The collection contains Pauls’ personal, education, career, and research records, as well as writing files and subject files. The collection also includes records relating to organizations and events Pauls was involved.

Arrangement: The collection is arranged in the following series:

Series 1. Personal papers; 1909-1991
Series 2. Education, research, and career files; 1936-1993, bulk 1949-1970
Series 3. Writing files; undated, 1952-1971
Series 4. Subject files; undated, 1949-1990
Series 5. Organization records; 1949-1998

Subseries 5a. World Health Organization papers; undated, 1952-1964
Subseries 5b. Other organization papers; 1949-1998

Series 6. Event records; 1951-1996
Series 7. Photographs and audiocassettes; undated, 1959-1992

Digitized copies: Selected photographs have been digitized and can be found online at Alaska’s Digital Archives by searching for “Frank Pauls.”

Access restrictions: A portion of the collection is closed to access due to the presence of medical data. Please contact an archivist for further information.

Rights note: Archives holds copyright to materials created by Frank Pauls.

Preferred citation: Frank Pauls papers, Archives and Special Collections, Consortium Library, University of Alaska Anchorage.

Related materials: An interview with Frank Pauls is available in the Nancy Jordan Strohmeyer interview recordings, HMC-1273.

Separated materials: Some published material has been separated from the collection and added to the Consortium Library’s Rare Books collection. Please contact an archivist for further information.

Acquisition note: The collection was donated to the Archives by Frank Pauls in 2000.

Processing information: This collection was described by Jeffrey Sinnott in 2001. The collection was converted to current standard by Veronica Denison in 2014.

Container list:

Series 1: Personal papers; 1909-1991. 0.10 cubic feet.
This series includes personal correspondence, news clippings Pauls collected, and a 1979 calendar.

Box/Folder Description Dates
1/1 Biographical articles undated, 1950-1962
1/2 Correspondence, Viking Certificate from Scandinavian Airlines, postcards with images of boy scouts, news clippings 1909-1972
1/3 Marin County Public Health Unit Laboratory equipment list for year of 1937 1937 April 30
1/4 1979 Calendar for Scientists 1979
1/5 Concert program: Kenai Bicentennial Celebration, Alaska Heritage A Cappella Choir 1991 September 14
1/6 News clippings: health related undated, 1954-1956
1/7 Lapels: University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) School of Public Health, Alumni Association; Alaska Red Cross; Made by Stewart’s Photo Shop; 8th and 10th International Congress on Circumpolar Health undated, 1990,1996

Series 2: Education, research, and career files; 1936-1993, bulk 1949-1970. 1.60 cubic feet.
This series contains records pertaining to Pauls’ education, research, and career. Included in this series are the various studies Pauls’ was a part, including those on the distribution of blood groups in populations in Western Alaska, enteric diseases in Alaska, Eskimo blood studies for the International Biological Program in Alaska, and his doctoral dissertation and research concerning strains of Herpesvirus hominis. His career files include his time with the United States Army, the Alaska Department of Health, and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene.

Box/Folder Description Dates
1/8 University of California-Berkeley: Hygiene 105, Public Health Administration term papers 1936 April
1/9 Harvard School of Public Health: application, letters of recommendation, alumni bulletin, annual report to the Commission on Environmental Hygiene of the Armed Forces Epidemiology Board 1947-1967
1/10 School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: Development of Diagnostic and Research Laboratory Methods for Early Detection of Diptheria Cases and Carriers 1964
1/11 University of Public Health, University of North Carolina: Student Directory 1964-1965
1/12 School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: Review of the Fiscal Management of the Laboratory Division, North Carolina State Board of Health 1965 May
1/13 School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: class notes 1965-1966
1/14 School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: final written exam for Doctor of Public Health Degree; infection and infestation, epidemiology of exhinococcosis 1965-1966
1/15-16 Distribution of Blood Groups Among the Eskimos, Indians, and Whites of Western Alaska: Pauls findings, worksheets, results 1951-1956
1/17 Restricted: Native blood study from Hydaburg, Kaka, Klawock, and Metlaktla 1952
1/18-28 Enteric Diseases in Alaska study: correspondence, research, articles, worksheets, tables, study results, Anchorage Typhoid laboratory data, memoranda 1940-1956
1/29-30 Restricted: Enteric Diseases in Alaska study; study results, memoranda, stool sample information 1940-1956
1/31-45 International Biological Program: Eskimo Blood Studies; equipment, instructions, correspondence, news clippings, reports, study data, coding system information 1968-1973
1/46-49 Restricted: Bloody type results, tables, and charts 1968-1973
1/50-56 A Serology Study of the Antigenic Relationships of Strains of Herpesvirus Hominis: Frank Pauls’ dissertation, correspondence, research, notes, results undated, 1958-1982
1/57 Division of Public Health Laboratories: financial statements 1939-1943
1/58 Infant deaths in Alaska percentages 1941
1/59 “Rabies in Alaska”: paper and studies circa 1942-1943
1/60 Hepatitis outbreak: telegrams, memoranda, summary 1944
1/61 Correspondence: educational leave requests—Territorial Department of Health 1945-1948
1/62 Alaska Board of Health: information, memoranda 1949-1950
2/1 Restricted: Tularemia: case reports, correspondence, notes 1949-1955
2/2 Tularemia 1949-1955
2/3 Community Blood Grouping Programs in Alaska 1953-1954
2/4 National Science Foundation Proposal: Irving-Pauls Population Genetics Study 1956
2/5 Sanitation Aide Training Program in Alaska 1956-1959
2/6 Alaska Department of Health: farewell letter from C. Earl Albrecht, laboratory visitation report, floor plan for Division of Public Health Fairbanks 1956-1963
2/7 Blood Typing Programs 1960
2/8 Fluorescent Antibody Technics: memoranda, correspondence 1960-1963
2/9 Ketchikan Health Laboratory Facilities: trip report. Correspondence regarding closure, 1961-1963
2/10 Pertussis: Bacteriology and Epidemiology undated, 1962
2/11 Branch of Public Health Laboratories, Budget FY 64-65 1962-1963
2/12 Correspondence: plague report 1963
2/13 Branch of Public Health Laboratories Laboratory Examinations 1962-1963
2/14 Department of Health and Welfare, Laboratory Chief Recruitment: correspondence, application 1968-1970
2/15-16 Blood Typing Programs: correspondence, duty assignments, and blood typing center layout, position assignments and procedure 1971
2/17 Public Health Service Program Review, Alaska State Public Health Laboratory System 1972
2/18 Laboratory on-site visit reports of various Alaska hospitals 1973-1974
2/19 Switzer Creek-Gruening Park, Juneau: Salmonellosis Outbreak 1974 July-August
2/20-22 Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act: correspondence, legislation 1975-1977
2/23 Blood Typing Program: Juneau, position responsibilities and procedures 1977
2/24 Division of Public Health: retirement 1978-1979
2/25 Public Health Laboratories: correspondence, reports, articles, myths and truths in Native health care undated, 1958-1977
2/26 Public Health in Alaska: “History of Public Health Development in Alaska” by Courtney Smith, Assistant Commissioner of Health, Territorial Department of Health, “Alaska Territorial Health & Human Services Development” by Lisa M. Short 1940, 1992
2/27 Proposed Fee Schedule for Public Health Laboratory Services: correspondence 1993
2/28 Restricted: Pertussis Study: Wisconsin Cases undated, 1968-1970
2/29 Pertussis: correspondence, conference materials 1968-1969
2/30 Training programs: postgraduate courses and training units, “Training in Relation to Proficiency Programs” by Pauls presented at the 49th Conference of Public Health Laboratories Directors, Seminar on Nosocomial Infections and Environmental Control Programs, Madison, Wisconsin 1969-1970
2/31 Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene: bacteriology evaluation program examination 1970 February 17
2/32-33 Salmonella in recreational waters: Wisconsin Laboratory newsletter, correspondence with David Claudon, papers, drafts, notes 1970-1971
2/34 Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene: annual report 1969
2/35 U.S. Army career: personal file: correspondence, certificates, lists of personnel 1942-1945
2/36 Army laboratory project: 64th Field Hospital: correspondence, comments, notes 1961-1963
2/37 Surgeon’s Conference papers: “Communicable Disease Problems in Alaska,” “Significant Diseases in Alaska,” “Medical and Health Services in the Territory of Alaska” 1952-1963
2/38 Chief Surgeon’s Conference, U.S. Army Alaska, Fort Wainwright: program, fliers, memoranda 1962 October
2/39 Statement of C. Earl Albrecht, M.D., Commissioner of Health, Before the Sub-Committee on Interior & Insular Affairs, House of Representatives 1957 February
2/40-41 Public Health Investigations in the Communities of Saint Lawrence Island, Alaska, 1954 to 1960; By Karl R. Reinhard 1992 April

Series 3: Writing files; undated, 1952-1971. 0.05 cubic feet.
This series contains articles, published studies, and correspondence regarding Paul’s articles.

Box/Folder Description Dates
2/42 Articles 1952-1971
2/43 Blood factor studies, preservation of serum specimens, training in proficiency undated, 1951-1969
2/44 Correspondence regarding article manuscript, post card requests for reprints 1954-1956, 1963

Series 4: Subject files; undated, 1949-1990. 0.25 cubic feet.
This series consists primarily of journal articles on diseases and other public health issues. Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Box/Folder Description Dates
2/45 Alaska demographics undated, 1983
2/46 Blood typing 1950-1959
2/47 Botulism 1955-1990
2/48 Humor—Laboratory; The Journal of Irreproducible Results 1968-1973
2/49 Internal parasites, includes lecture notes on parasitology in the Middle East undated, 1962-1969
2/50 Mastoiditis circa 1953
2/51 Paralytic Shellfish Poising undated, 1983
2/52 Pathogenic Fungi 1970
2/53 Public Health laboratory management 1967-1976
2/54 Rabies 1949-1975
2/55 Serology 1951-1970
2/56 Streptococci, includes 19 color slides, 35mm undated, 1969-1977
2/57 Tuberculosis undated
2/58-59 Water quality, Ship Creek Watershed Debate/Arctic Valley Ski Bowl 1954-1978

Series 5: Organization records; 1949-1998. 1.0 cubic feet.

Series 5. Subseries 5a: World Health Organization papers; undated, 1952-1964. 0.25 cubic feet.
This subseries consists of papers collected by Frank Pauls during his service with the World Health Organization as an advisor to the Minister of Health in Teheran, Iran. The papers include biographical articles, correspondence, reports, agreements, planning documents, reports, and procedures.

Box/Folder Description Dates
3/1 Application and appointment letters 1954-1957
3/2 Biographical sketch, Oath prepared by Dr. M. Zoriassatein, news clippings, photographs from Egypt 1955-1961
3/3 Correspondence 1956-1959
3/4 Reports 1952-1959
3/5 Agreement, planning documents, and procedures 1952-1959
3/6-7 Expert Committee on Health Laboratory Methods: papers and final reports 1956-1964
3/8 Some Demographic and Health Characteristics of 173 Villages in a Rural Area of Iran by Mohmmad B. Mashayekhi and Guy S. Hays undated
3/9 Organization of a Central Public Health Laboratory Service for the Imperial Iranian Ministry of Health in Tehran, by Frank P. Pauls undated
3/10 Tehran city map 1957 June
3/11 Chris Pauls (son of Frank Pauls) social studies report on Iran 1958
3/12 Various reports, notes, travel arrangement forms, personnel lists 1953-1959

Series 5. Subseries 5b: Other organization papers; 1949-1998. 0.75 cubic feet.
This subseries contains Frank Pauls’ files relating to his membership in professional organizations. These organizations include the American Society of Medical Technologists, the Alaska Public Health Association, the American Society for Circumpolar Health, and the International Union for Circumpolar Health.

Box/Folder Description Dates
3/13 American Society of Medical Technologists: correspondence, annual meeting program, membership certificate 1955-1956
3/14 Alaska Society of Medical Technologists: new bulletins, Northern Highlights, Territorial Laboratory Seminar programs 1956-1966
3/15-18 Alaska Public Health Association: constitution, bylaws, mission, meeting minutes, correspondence, financial statements, notes 1966-1988
3/19 National Arctic Health Science Policy, American Public Health Association Task Force: correspondence 1982-1984
3/20 National Arctic Health Science Policy: drafts 1983-1984
3/21 National Arctic Health Science Policy Task Force: memoranda, correspondence, reports, agenda, work plans, mailing lists 1981-1983
3/22-23 National Arctic Health Science Policy Task Force: reports and notes undated, 1983-1984
3/24-25 National Arctic Health Science Policy Task Force: research materials 1949-1983
3/26-29 American Society for Circumpolar Health: correspondence, meeting minutes, reports, member lists, constitution, by-laws 1980-1998
3/30 International Union for Circumpolar Health: memoranda, correspondence, reports 1985-1989
3/31-32 Alaska-Siberia Medical Research Program: letters, memoranda, agreements, proposals, news releases, newsletters, newspaper clippings 1985-1989
3/33 Alaska Health Sciences Library Advisory Council: members, meeting minutes 1982-1983

Series 6: Event records; 1951-1996. 0.75 cubic feet.
This series consists of materials from Frank Pauls’ attendance and/or participation in professional conferences, symposia, congresses, workshops, meetings, seminars, courses, and lectures. Arranged chronologically

Box/Folder Description Dates
4/1 Alaska Science Conferences: programs, abstracts, announcements 1951-1981
4/2 Fifth Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Copenhagen Denmark: “A Community Approach to Solving Its Major Health Problems” by Carl M. Hild, “Comparative Studies in Circumpolar Health: Report on a WHO Working Group,” “Environmental Health Problems in Arctic and Subarctic Areas 1981-1990: Working Group Report, Copenhagen, 3-7 August 1981” 1981
4/3 7th Annual Alaska Health Congress, 1982: Facilities Committee 1982
4/4 8th Alaska Health Congress, 1983: Steering Facilities Committee 1982-1983
4/5 Alaskan Health Research and Information: current projects, findings, constraints and future directions 1984
4/6 6th International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage: Organizing Committee 1983-1984
4/7-8 6th International Symposium on Circumpolar Health: Hospitality, Tours Committee: programs, abstracts, film festival schedule 1984
4/9 Arctic Five-Year Research Plan Consultative Workshop, Anchorage: Five Year Plan, memoranda, workshop agenda, participant list 1986
4/10 Seminar: Talking About Health Risks: How Science and the Media Can Improve Public Understanding: program, notes 1987 May
4/11 7th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umea, Sweden: correspondence, announcement, program 1986-1987
4/12 39th Arctic Science Conference, University of Alaska Fairbanks: program, conference materials, notes 1988 October
4/13 8th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yukon College: correspondence, conference materials, notes 1988-1990
4/14 International Workshop on Alveolar Hydatid Disease, Alaska Native Medical Center: program 1990
4/15 1990 Arctic Science Conference, Anchorage, Alaska: program, proceedings, correspondence, conference materials, notes 1990
4/16 Albrecht-Milan Foundation of the American Society for Circumpolar Health: agenda, mission, funds, bylaws, notes 1991
4/17 The Northern Forum: The Founding Meeting, Anchorage 1991
4/18 Health Problems in Alaska: Lecture, Dr. Mills Class 1992 March
4/19 Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska: conference literature 1995-1996
4/20 Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health: space contracts 1994-1996

Series 7: Photographs and audiocassettes materials; undated, 1959-1992. 0.25 cubic feet.
This series consists of photographic images from Frank Pauls’ career in the field of public health laboratories. The images concern his service with the Alaska Department of Health, the Medical Service Corps of the U.S. Army Reserve, the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, and the International Biological Program. Also included in this series are audio recordings: an interview of Frank Pauls by Brian Saylor of the International Union for Circumpolar Health, the dedication ceremony for the Albrecht-Milan Foundation, and a lecture at UAA on health problems in Alaska.

Box/Folder Description Dates
4/21 District Engineer’s Walking Blood Bank Program, Alaska Department of Health; Photographs by U.S. Army photographer, U.S. Army District Corps of Engineers 1959
4/22 Exercise Great Bear, Laboratory of the 64th Field Hospital 1962
4/23 Temporary Laboratory in Barrow, IBP Blood Study 1968 August
4/24 Cryo-vials study for storing of sera in liquid nitrogen: Frank Pauls in laboratory at Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene 1968, 1971
4/25 Tearing down of old territorial public health building, Juneau 1973 June
4/26 Alaska Department of Health: Pauls teaching class, group portrait undated
4/27 People working in public health laboratory undated
4/28 Film library party with Governor William Egan undated
4/29 Frank Pauls at a meeting undated
4/30 Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison: aerial and building undated
4/31 Group portraits, Center for Disease Control building, John E. Larsh portrait, photo post cards undated, 1966
4/32 Audiocassettes: Brian Saylor, International Congress on Circumpolar Health, interview of Frank Pauls 1990 April 1
4/33 Audiocassettes: Albrecht-Milan Foundation Dedication Ceremony 1991 July 14
4/34 Audiocassettes: Health Problems in Alaska Lecture, Dr. Mills’ class, University of Alaska Anchorage 1992 March 31

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