Guide to the Frank Pauls papers
Collection number: HMC-0489.
Creator: Pauls, Frank.
Title: Frank Pauls papers.
Volume of collection: 4.0 cubic feet.
Language of materials: Materials in this collection are in English.
Collection summary: Papers of a public health microbiologist and administrator in Alaska.
Frank P. Pauls was born in San Jose, California in 1914. He received degrees from Marin Junior College (A.A., 1934), University of California, Berkeley (B.A., 1937), Harvard University School of Public Health (M.S., 1949), and the University of North Carolina, School of Public Health (M.P.H., 1965; Doctor of Public Health, 1966). He began his career as a public health microbiologist and administrator at the Department of Epidemiology, California State Department of Health, in 1937. In 1938, Pauls moved to Juneau, where he worked for the Division of Public Health Laboratories, Alaska Department of Health. In 1940, he established the Regional Public Health Laboratory in Anchorage, where he served as Microbiologist-In-Charge until 1963. Pauls married Adelheid Guenther in Anchorage in 1941. He was an officer in the U.S. Army Sanitation Corps (1943-1947), and the Medical Service Corps, U.S. Army Reserve (1947-1968), as well as a laboratory advisor for the World Health Organization in Iran (1957-1959). His objective during this time with the World Health Organization was to create a central public health laboratory to serve provincial laboratories as a diagnostic, reference, and training center comparable to the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia. After receiving his doctorate in 1966, Pauls went to the University of Wisconsin-Madison to be Assistant Director, State Laboratory of Hygiene, and Professor of Preventive Medicine in the School of Medicine. During his time in Wisconsin, Pauls, an expert in blood serology, conducted blood studies of Alaskan Eskimo communities with the International Biological Program (1967-1971). In 1970, he returned to Alaska as Chief, Section of Laboratories, Division of Public Health, in Juneau, as well as division director for one year. Pauls retired from the Alaska Department of Health in 1979, remaining active in professional organizations, including the Alaska Public Health Association and the American Society for Circumpolar Health. He also helped draft the National Arctic Health Policy (1984) as a member of the American Public Health Association Task Force. Dr. Frank Pauls died in Anchorage in 2001.
The collection consists of the papers of Dr. Frank Pauls which primarily related to his career as a public health microbiologist and administrator in Alaska. The collection contains Pauls’ personal, education, career, and research records, as well as writing files and subject files. The collection also includes records relating to organizations and events Pauls was involved.
Arrangement: The collection is arranged in the following series:
Series 1. Personal papers; 1909-1991
Series 2. Education, research, and career files; 1936-1993, bulk 1949-1970
Series 3. Writing files; undated, 1952-1971
Series 4. Subject files; undated, 1949-1990
Series 5. Organization records; 1949-1998
Subseries 5a. World Health Organization papers; undated, 1952-1964
Subseries 5b. Other organization papers; 1949-1998
Series 6. Event records; 1951-1996
Series 7. Photographs and audiocassettes; undated, 1959-1992
Digitized copies: Selected photographs have been digitized and can be found online at Alaska’s Digital Archives by searching for “Frank Pauls.”
Access restrictions: A portion of the collection is closed to access due to the presence of medical data. Please contact an archivist for further information.
Rights note: Archives holds copyright to materials created by Frank Pauls.
Preferred citation: Frank Pauls papers, Archives and Special Collections, Consortium Library, University of Alaska Anchorage.
Related materials: An interview with Frank Pauls is available in the Nancy Jordan Strohmeyer interview recordings, HMC-1273.
Separated materials: Some published material has been separated from the collection and added to the Consortium Library’s Rare Books collection. Please contact an archivist for further information.
Acquisition note: The collection was donated to the Archives by Frank Pauls in 2000.
Processing information: This collection was described by Jeffrey Sinnott in 2001. The collection was converted to current standard by Veronica Denison in 2014.
Series 1: Personal papers; 1909-1991. 0.10 cubic feet.
This series includes personal correspondence, news clippings Pauls collected, and a 1979 calendar.
|1/1||Biographical articles||undated, 1950-1962|
|1/2||Correspondence, Viking Certificate from Scandinavian Airlines, postcards with images of boy scouts, news clippings||1909-1972|
|1/3||Marin County Public Health Unit Laboratory equipment list for year of 1937||1937 April 30|
|1/4||1979 Calendar for Scientists||1979|
|1/5||Concert program: Kenai Bicentennial Celebration, Alaska Heritage A Cappella Choir||1991 September 14|
|1/6||News clippings: health related||undated, 1954-1956|
|1/7||Lapels: University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) School of Public Health, Alumni Association; Alaska Red Cross; Made by Stewart’s Photo Shop; 8th and 10th International Congress on Circumpolar Health||undated, 1990,1996|
Series 2: Education, research, and career files; 1936-1993, bulk 1949-1970. 1.60 cubic feet.
This series contains records pertaining to Pauls’ education, research, and career. Included in this series are the various studies Pauls’ was a part, including those on the distribution of blood groups in populations in Western Alaska, enteric diseases in Alaska, Eskimo blood studies for the International Biological Program in Alaska, and his doctoral dissertation and research concerning strains of Herpesvirus hominis. His career files include his time with the United States Army, the Alaska Department of Health, and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene.
|1/8||University of California-Berkeley: Hygiene 105, Public Health Administration term papers||1936 April|
|1/9||Harvard School of Public Health: application, letters of recommendation, alumni bulletin, annual report to the Commission on Environmental Hygiene of the Armed Forces Epidemiology Board||1947-1967|
|1/10||School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: Development of Diagnostic and Research Laboratory Methods for Early Detection of Diptheria Cases and Carriers||1964|
|1/11||University of Public Health, University of North Carolina: Student Directory||1964-1965|
|1/12||School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: Review of the Fiscal Management of the Laboratory Division, North Carolina State Board of Health||1965 May|
|1/13||School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: class notes||1965-1966|
|1/14||School of Public Health, University of North Carolina: final written exam for Doctor of Public Health Degree; infection and infestation, epidemiology of exhinococcosis||1965-1966|
|1/15-16||Distribution of Blood Groups Among the Eskimos, Indians, and Whites of Western Alaska: Pauls findings, worksheets, results||1951-1956|
|1/17||Restricted: Native blood study from Hydaburg, Kaka, Klawock, and Metlaktla||1952|
|1/18-28||Enteric Diseases in Alaska study: correspondence, research, articles, worksheets, tables, study results, Anchorage Typhoid laboratory data, memoranda||1940-1956|
|1/29-30||Restricted: Enteric Diseases in Alaska study; study results, memoranda, stool sample information||1940-1956|
|1/31-45||International Biological Program: Eskimo Blood Studies; equipment, instructions, correspondence, news clippings, reports, study data, coding system information||1968-1973|
|1/46-49||Restricted: Bloody type results, tables, and charts||1968-1973|
|1/50-56||A Serology Study of the Antigenic Relationships of Strains of Herpesvirus Hominis: Frank Pauls’ dissertation, correspondence, research, notes, results||undated, 1958-1982|
|1/57||Division of Public Health Laboratories: financial statements||1939-1943|
|1/58||Infant deaths in Alaska percentages||1941|
|1/59||“Rabies in Alaska”: paper and studies||circa 1942-1943|
|1/60||Hepatitis outbreak: telegrams, memoranda, summary||1944|
|1/61||Correspondence: educational leave requests—Territorial Department of Health||1945-1948|
|1/62||Alaska Board of Health: information, memoranda||1949-1950|
|2/1||Restricted: Tularemia: case reports, correspondence, notes||1949-1955|
|2/3||Community Blood Grouping Programs in Alaska||1953-1954|
|2/4||National Science Foundation Proposal: Irving-Pauls Population Genetics Study||1956|
|2/5||Sanitation Aide Training Program in Alaska||1956-1959|
|2/6||Alaska Department of Health: farewell letter from C. Earl Albrecht, laboratory visitation report, floor plan for Division of Public Health Fairbanks||1956-1963|
|2/7||Blood Typing Programs||1960|
|2/8||Fluorescent Antibody Technics: memoranda, correspondence||1960-1963|
|2/9||Ketchikan Health Laboratory Facilities: trip report. Correspondence regarding closure,||1961-1963|
|2/10||Pertussis: Bacteriology and Epidemiology||undated, 1962|
|2/11||Branch of Public Health Laboratories, Budget FY 64-65||1962-1963|
|2/12||Correspondence: plague report||1963|
|2/13||Branch of Public Health Laboratories Laboratory Examinations||1962-1963|
|2/14||Department of Health and Welfare, Laboratory Chief Recruitment: correspondence, application||1968-1970|
|2/15-16||Blood Typing Programs: correspondence, duty assignments, and blood typing center layout, position assignments and procedure||1971|
|2/17||Public Health Service Program Review, Alaska State Public Health Laboratory System||1972|
|2/18||Laboratory on-site visit reports of various Alaska hospitals||1973-1974|
|2/19||Switzer Creek-Gruening Park, Juneau: Salmonellosis Outbreak||1974 July-August|
|2/20-22||Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act: correspondence, legislation||1975-1977|
|2/23||Blood Typing Program: Juneau, position responsibilities and procedures||1977|
|2/24||Division of Public Health: retirement||1978-1979|
|2/25||Public Health Laboratories: correspondence, reports, articles, myths and truths in Native health care||undated, 1958-1977|
|2/26||Public Health in Alaska: “History of Public Health Development in Alaska” by Courtney Smith, Assistant Commissioner of Health, Territorial Department of Health, “Alaska Territorial Health & Human Services Development” by Lisa M. Short||1940, 1992|
|2/27||Proposed Fee Schedule for Public Health Laboratory Services: correspondence||1993|
|2/28||Restricted: Pertussis Study: Wisconsin Cases||undated, 1968-1970|
|2/29||Pertussis: correspondence, conference materials||1968-1969|
|2/30||Training programs: postgraduate courses and training units, “Training in Relation to Proficiency Programs” by Pauls presented at the 49th Conference of Public Health Laboratories Directors, Seminar on Nosocomial Infections and Environmental Control Programs, Madison, Wisconsin||1969-1970|
|2/31||Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene: bacteriology evaluation program examination||1970 February 17|
|2/32-33||Salmonella in recreational waters: Wisconsin Laboratory newsletter, correspondence with David Claudon, papers, drafts, notes||1970-1971|
|2/34||Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene: annual report||1969|
|2/35||U.S. Army career: personal file: correspondence, certificates, lists of personnel||1942-1945|
|2/36||Army laboratory project: 64th Field Hospital: correspondence, comments, notes||1961-1963|
|2/37||Surgeon’s Conference papers: “Communicable Disease Problems in Alaska,” “Significant Diseases in Alaska,” “Medical and Health Services in the Territory of Alaska”||1952-1963|
|2/38||Chief Surgeon’s Conference, U.S. Army Alaska, Fort Wainwright: program, fliers, memoranda||1962 October|
|2/39||Statement of C. Earl Albrecht, M.D., Commissioner of Health, Before the Sub-Committee on Interior & Insular Affairs, House of Representatives||1957 February|
|2/40-41||Public Health Investigations in the Communities of Saint Lawrence Island, Alaska, 1954 to 1960; By Karl R. Reinhard||1992 April|
Series 3: Writing files; undated, 1952-1971. 0.05 cubic feet.
This series contains articles, published studies, and correspondence regarding Paul’s articles.
|2/43||Blood factor studies, preservation of serum specimens, training in proficiency||undated, 1951-1969|
|2/44||Correspondence regarding article manuscript, post card requests for reprints||1954-1956, 1963|
Series 4: Subject files; undated, 1949-1990. 0.25 cubic feet.
This series consists primarily of journal articles on diseases and other public health issues. Arranged alphabetically by subject.
|2/45||Alaska demographics||undated, 1983|
|2/48||Humor—Laboratory; The Journal of Irreproducible Results||1968-1973|
|2/49||Internal parasites, includes lecture notes on parasitology in the Middle East||undated, 1962-1969|
|2/51||Paralytic Shellfish Poising||undated, 1983|
|2/53||Public Health laboratory management||1967-1976|
|2/56||Streptococci, includes 19 color slides, 35mm||undated, 1969-1977|
|2/58-59||Water quality, Ship Creek Watershed Debate/Arctic Valley Ski Bowl||1954-1978|
Series 5: Organization records; 1949-1998. 1.0 cubic feet.
Series 5. Subseries 5a: World Health Organization papers; undated, 1952-1964. 0.25 cubic feet.
This subseries consists of papers collected by Frank Pauls during his service with the World Health Organization as an advisor to the Minister of Health in Teheran, Iran. The papers include biographical articles, correspondence, reports, agreements, planning documents, reports, and procedures.
|3/1||Application and appointment letters||1954-1957|
|3/2||Biographical sketch, Oath prepared by Dr. M. Zoriassatein, news clippings, photographs from Egypt||1955-1961|
|3/5||Agreement, planning documents, and procedures||1952-1959|
|3/6-7||Expert Committee on Health Laboratory Methods: papers and final reports||1956-1964|
|3/8||Some Demographic and Health Characteristics of 173 Villages in a Rural Area of Iran by Mohmmad B. Mashayekhi and Guy S. Hays||undated|
|3/9||Organization of a Central Public Health Laboratory Service for the Imperial Iranian Ministry of Health in Tehran, by Frank P. Pauls||undated|
|3/10||Tehran city map||1957 June|
|3/11||Chris Pauls (son of Frank Pauls) social studies report on Iran||1958|
|3/12||Various reports, notes, travel arrangement forms, personnel lists||1953-1959|
Series 5. Subseries 5b: Other organization papers; 1949-1998. 0.75 cubic feet.
This subseries contains Frank Pauls’ files relating to his membership in professional organizations. These organizations include the American Society of Medical Technologists, the Alaska Public Health Association, the American Society for Circumpolar Health, and the International Union for Circumpolar Health.
|3/13||American Society of Medical Technologists: correspondence, annual meeting program, membership certificate||1955-1956|
|3/14||Alaska Society of Medical Technologists: new bulletins, Northern Highlights, Territorial Laboratory Seminar programs||1956-1966|
|3/15-18||Alaska Public Health Association: constitution, bylaws, mission, meeting minutes, correspondence, financial statements, notes||1966-1988|
|3/19||National Arctic Health Science Policy, American Public Health Association Task Force: correspondence||1982-1984|
|3/20||National Arctic Health Science Policy: drafts||1983-1984|
|3/21||National Arctic Health Science Policy Task Force: memoranda, correspondence, reports, agenda, work plans, mailing lists||1981-1983|
|3/22-23||National Arctic Health Science Policy Task Force: reports and notes||undated, 1983-1984|
|3/24-25||National Arctic Health Science Policy Task Force: research materials||1949-1983|
|3/26-29||American Society for Circumpolar Health: correspondence, meeting minutes, reports, member lists, constitution, by-laws||1980-1998|
|3/30||International Union for Circumpolar Health: memoranda, correspondence, reports||1985-1989|
|3/31-32||Alaska-Siberia Medical Research Program: letters, memoranda, agreements, proposals, news releases, newsletters, newspaper clippings||1985-1989|
|3/33||Alaska Health Sciences Library Advisory Council: members, meeting minutes||1982-1983|
Series 6: Event records; 1951-1996. 0.75 cubic feet.
This series consists of materials from Frank Pauls’ attendance and/or participation in professional conferences, symposia, congresses, workshops, meetings, seminars, courses, and lectures. Arranged chronologically
|4/1||Alaska Science Conferences: programs, abstracts, announcements||1951-1981|
|4/2||Fifth Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Copenhagen Denmark: “A Community Approach to Solving Its Major Health Problems” by Carl M. Hild, “Comparative Studies in Circumpolar Health: Report on a WHO Working Group,” “Environmental Health Problems in Arctic and Subarctic Areas 1981-1990: Working Group Report, Copenhagen, 3-7 August 1981”||1981|
|4/3||7th Annual Alaska Health Congress, 1982: Facilities Committee||1982|
|4/4||8th Alaska Health Congress, 1983: Steering Facilities Committee||1982-1983|
|4/5||Alaskan Health Research and Information: current projects, findings, constraints and future directions||1984|
|4/6||6th International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage: Organizing Committee||1983-1984|
|4/7-8||6th International Symposium on Circumpolar Health: Hospitality, Tours Committee: programs, abstracts, film festival schedule||1984|
|4/9||Arctic Five-Year Research Plan Consultative Workshop, Anchorage: Five Year Plan, memoranda, workshop agenda, participant list||1986|
|4/10||Seminar: Talking About Health Risks: How Science and the Media Can Improve Public Understanding: program, notes||1987 May|
|4/11||7th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umea, Sweden: correspondence, announcement, program||1986-1987|
|4/12||39th Arctic Science Conference, University of Alaska Fairbanks: program, conference materials, notes||1988 October|
|4/13||8th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yukon College: correspondence, conference materials, notes||1988-1990|
|4/14||International Workshop on Alveolar Hydatid Disease, Alaska Native Medical Center: program||1990|
|4/15||1990 Arctic Science Conference, Anchorage, Alaska: program, proceedings, correspondence, conference materials, notes||1990|
|4/16||Albrecht-Milan Foundation of the American Society for Circumpolar Health: agenda, mission, funds, bylaws, notes||1991|
|4/17||The Northern Forum: The Founding Meeting, Anchorage||1991|
|4/18||Health Problems in Alaska: Lecture, Dr. Mills Class||1992 March|
|4/19||Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska: conference literature||1995-1996|
|4/20||Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health: space contracts||1994-1996|
Series 7: Photographs and audiocassettes materials; undated, 1959-1992. 0.25 cubic feet.
This series consists of photographic images from Frank Pauls’ career in the field of public health laboratories. The images concern his service with the Alaska Department of Health, the Medical Service Corps of the U.S. Army Reserve, the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, and the International Biological Program. Also included in this series are audio recordings: an interview of Frank Pauls by Brian Saylor of the International Union for Circumpolar Health, the dedication ceremony for the Albrecht-Milan Foundation, and a lecture at UAA on health problems in Alaska.
|4/21||District Engineer’s Walking Blood Bank Program, Alaska Department of Health; Photographs by U.S. Army photographer, U.S. Army District Corps of Engineers||1959|
|4/22||Exercise Great Bear, Laboratory of the 64th Field Hospital||1962|
|4/23||Temporary Laboratory in Barrow, IBP Blood Study||1968 August|
|4/24||Cryo-vials study for storing of sera in liquid nitrogen: Frank Pauls in laboratory at Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene||1968, 1971|
|4/25||Tearing down of old territorial public health building, Juneau||1973 June|
|4/26||Alaska Department of Health: Pauls teaching class, group portrait||undated|
|4/27||People working in public health laboratory||undated|
|4/28||Film library party with Governor William Egan||undated|
|4/29||Frank Pauls at a meeting||undated|
|4/30||Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison: aerial and building||undated|
|4/31||Group portraits, Center for Disease Control building, John E. Larsh portrait, photo post cards||undated, 1966|
|4/32||Audiocassettes: Brian Saylor, International Congress on Circumpolar Health, interview of Frank Pauls||1990 April 1|
|4/33||Audiocassettes: Albrecht-Milan Foundation Dedication Ceremony||1991 July 14|
|4/34||Audiocassettes: Health Problems in Alaska Lecture, Dr. Mills’ class, University of Alaska Anchorage||1992 March 31|