HOWARD ROCK (1911-1976). Interview; 1976. .1 cu.
Howard Rock was born in Point Hope, Alaska in 1911. He attended
high school at White Mountain Vocational School, and studied at
the University of Washington for three years. After college, he
worked as an artist, carving in ivory until he was drafted during
World War II; after the war he returned to his art work. He became
involved in native affairs in 1961 when he returned to Point Hope
and served as village spokesman in a dispute between the villagers
and the Atomic Energy Commission over a proposed plan to build
an underwater harbor by exploding five atomic bombs. That same
year he was approached by the Arctic Slope Native Association
to form a newspaper and in October, 1962, the Tundra Times
was started with Rock as editor and publisher, a position he held
until his death in 1976. Under his direction the paper grew to
a circulation of over 3,500. In 1975, it was nominated for a Pulitzer
Prize for meritorious public service. During his career Rock received
many awards including being named “Alaskan of the Year,”
in 1974, and “49er of the Year,” in 1975.
The collection consists of a tape and two transcripts of an
interview of Howard Rock by Robert M. Fox in March, 1976. The
interview was one of a series done for Leadership Programs
and Alaska Native Perspectives: A Study to Promote University
Awareness by Kathryn A. Hecht and Robert M. Fox.
The collection was presented to the archives by Roger Lang